When I met the word “stoic”, I am so confused about its translation in Chinese, it’s literally translated by its pronunciation and added a kind of philosophy system after. What does that mean? I looked for this word in a prestigious English dictionary, it has two meaning:
Stoic:1.a person who can endure pain or hardship without showing their feelings or complaining.
2.a member of the ancient philosophical school of Stoicism. I found it in another book, then a name showed up: Zeno. Maybe most of you have already known him, but for me, it’s a cue to a new word of wise. His name is Zeno of Citium, I mixed up with another philosophist whose name is Zeno of Elea which is an interesting one too. Can’t help to mention him a little bit, he is famous for his paradox theory about infinities which has been proved right in mathematics field. Like I told my mum, Math and philosophy are pretty much the same, they all about the rules we observed. Back to Zeno of Citium, he is the founder of a stoicism school, I am impressed by his way of teaching. He divided the academic courses into three part: Logic, physics, ethics. He used his hands to explain the process of people to learn true knowledge in a pretty insightful way, which makes me realize, the reason we need true knowledge is it’s a powerful weapon to against something.
I am not familiar with physics, so I have to skip it to ethics. Here are some words from him I want to share:
“Happiness is a good flow of life and this can only be achieved through the use of right Reason coinciding with the Universal Reason which governs everything.”
“A bad feeling (pathos) “is a disturbance of the mind repugnant to Reason, and against Nature.”
“This consistency of soul, out of which morally good actions spring, is Virtue true good can only consist in Virtue.”
I do think when we think more about our lives, his words are quite useful to keep us stay away from anxieties and pressures and let sadness or negativeness impervious to our mind.