October 29th is the Republic Day in Turkey, and I would like to share a short post dedicated to Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the leader who I owe being who I am today!
Few of Ataturk’s reforms:
- Sultanate abolished. (1922)
- Caliphate (Islamic leader) abolished (1924).
- Traditional religious schools closed, Islamic Law abolished. (1924)
- Constitution adopted (1924).
- Veiling of women discouraged; Western clothing for men and women encouraged. (1925)
- New civil, commercial, and penal codes based on European models adopted. (1926)
- New civil code ended Islamic polygamy and divorce by renunciation and introduced civil marriage. (1928)
- New Turkish alphabet (in Latin form) adopted. (1928)
- State declared secular. (1928)
- Constitutional provision establishing Islam as official religion deleted. (1928)
- Women given the vote and the right to hold office. (1934)
For the last 13 years, Turkish Republic has been under attack from the government that we have in power right now!
As citizens, raised with Ataturk’s principles, we have been struggling to protect our freedom. (If you want to know more you can read about the Gezi Protests)
Next week, on November 1st, we will have “early elections”. I hope everyone remembers while voting that their freedom in the country was granted by Ataturk and his principles.
I’ll end my post with a quote from Bill Clinton:
“Shakespeare wrote, Einstein thought, Ataturk built.”
Happy Turkish Republic Day!
P.S I know we didn’t have to write a blog this week, but it’s such a crucial time for my country that I wanted to share my thoughts.